সোজ (শপথ) পর্ব-8
Army of The Dead SOZ Episode 8 bangla subtitle.
The rise of the Ottoman dynasty
Violent internal crises in the early fourteenth century shook the great empires located between the Oxus and the Danube – the Ilkhanid Empire of Iran, the Golden Horde of Eastern Europe, and the Byzantine Empire of the Balkans and western Anatolia. Towards the end of the same century, the descendants of Osman, a frontier Gazi and the founder of the Ottoman dynasty established empires extending from the Danube to the Euphrates. Army of The Dead watch now
The ruler of this empire was Bayezid I (1389-1402), known as ‘Yldrm’, The Thunder-bolt. In Nicopolis in 1396, he defeated a crusader army of the proud knights of Europe; He rejected the Mamluk Sultanate, the most powerful Islamic state of the time, and occupied its cities on the banks of the Euphrates River. Army of The Dead
Eventually, he challenged the great Timur, the new ruler of Central Asia and Iran. How this first period in Ottoman history presented the problem of the small frontier kingdom of Osman Ghazi, dedicated to the holy war of Christian Byzantium, became such power and frontier empire. Maintains a theory that the Greek people of the Marmara Basin revived the Byzantine Empire as a Muslim state by converting to Islam and uniting with the Muslims. Army of The Dead
Scholars familiar with prehistoric sources have now accepted this theory as baseless speculation. These historians believe that the origins of the Ottoman Empire must be traced back to the political, cultural, and demographic development of Anatolia in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. After the victory of the Mongols at the Battle of Kosedag in 1243, the Seljuk Sultanate of Anatolia became a vassal kingdom of the Ilkhanids of Iran. Army of The Dead
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The immediate result of the Mongol invasion was the migration of the Turkoman, a powerful nomadic Turkish tribe, to the west. These first came from Central Asia to Iran and eastern Anatolia, and now, moving west again, they are concentrated in the mountainous region of western Anatolia, bordering Byzantium and the Seljuk Sultanate. Army of The Dead
Muslim Mamluk forces entered Anatolia to aid the rebels, but the Mongols brutally suppressed the rebellion. They then stationed troops permanently in Anatolia, tightening their grip on the country. Nevertheless, the next half-century saw frequent revolts and crimes against the Mongols. The border region became a haven for soldiers and political figures fleeing the Mongol government, and at the same time, a place where many poor villagers and townspeople sought a new life and future.
As a result, the population of border districts has increased. To find opportunities to settle on the rich plains of the Byzantine side of the border, the restless border nomads incited a holy war against Gaza, Byzantium. Fighters gathered around Ghazi leaders of various descent, and their campaigns in the Byzantine region became more frequent. Between 1260 and 1320 these Gazi leaders who organized the Turkomans like a war established an independent state in western Anatolia, the countries from which they had been defeated. Army of The Dead Watch
Army of The Dead
The contemporary Byzantine historian Pachimeres records that paleology, which only restored Constantinople in 1261, was preoccupied with the Balkan subject due to the neglect of the Asiatic border and thus paved the way for the Turkomans to enter. In the last decade of the thirteenth century, the Turkomangid invasion of western Anatolia was almost identical to a general invasion. Osman Ghazi occupied the farthest north of all the Bay and the closest areas to Byzantium and the Balkans.
According to Pachymeres, around 1302, Osman Gâzi laid siege to the eastern Byzantine capital, Nicaea. The emperor sent against him a mercenary force of two thousand, whom he defeated in a surprise attack on Bafaonin in the summer of 1302. His defeat to the army of the empire spread his fame. Ottoman and contemporary Byzantine sources describe how the Haogazis from all over Anatolia jumped to its standards; Like other frontier kingdoms, they took the name of their leader and became known as Osman. Army of The Dead
The prospect of easy conquest and settlement has attracted fresh waves of settlers from various sources from central Anatolia. It was only after this victory in 1302 that the Ottoman Empire was truly established. The Gaza ideology, the holy war, was an important factor in the founding and development of the Ottoman state. The society of the frontier states is compatible with a particular culture. Army of The Dead
সোজ (শপথ) পর্ব-8 বাংলা সাবটাইটেল
Army of The Dead
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